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Good Jobs versus Bad Jobs

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

This article develops a model of noncompetitive labor markets in which high‐wage (good) and low‐wage (bad) jobs coexist. Minimum wages and unemployment benefits shift the composition of employment toward high‐wage jobs. Because the composition of jobs in the laissez‐faire equilibrium is inefficiently biased toward low‐wage jobs, these labor market regulations increase average labor productivity and may improve welfare.